Islam and Medieval Politics

In the previous post, I summarized the ideas by Christian thinkers in the medieval era. In this post, I will write about ideas by their Islamic counterparts, the Islamic thinkers. Historical Context Islam was founded by Prophet Muhammad, who was born in Mecca. He began preaching in his 30s and was exiled because of his…

Christianity and Medieval Politics

This post will be the continuation of the series on political thoughts, marking also the transition into medieval political thoughts. Historical Development The key features of this era can be summed up in 2 words: Kings, Gods. King, as in the monarch, is nothing new but it remained a strong political feature in this era.…

Meritocracy in Singapore

This post has nothing to do with the political ideas series that I've been doing. Instead, I'd like to take this transitional phase from ancient to medieval political thoughts as an opportunity to "take a break". Due to circumstances, I recently came across this new reading by Dr Kenneth Paul Tan - a local professor…

Legalism

Let's take a brief trip back to China in this last second post about ancient political thoughts. This will be a short post as Legalism is pretty simple - but revolutionary. When you hear about what's legal and what's not, a common term to throw around, the classification originates from Legalism. Historical Context As usual,…

Chanakya’s Utilitarian Politics

In this endeavor to explore ancient political thoughts, we've been to China and Greece, now we are going to India. Chanakya is our protagonist today and his political ideas are a combination of Confucianism, Philospher Kings and Aristotelian Politics plus a distinct flavor of Utilitarianism (a moral philosophy which I've explored in another post altogether).…

Aristotelian Politics

In the previous post, Philosopher Kings, we've explored Plato's works on politics. In this post, we will explore Aristotle's, Plato's student, view on politics. If you remember from one of the philosophy's post, The Virtue Theory, he was the guy who proposed the moral theory - which I'm sure you don't remember because hardly anyone…

Philosopher Kings

In the last 2 posts I've talked about ancient political thoughts from China. For this post, I will take a brief ideological tour to Greece. At around the same time as the inception of Confucianism in China, Plato's idea of Philosopher Kings also came into existence. This idea of Philosopher Kings is what we are…